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  • Dallol Depression and Ert Ale Volcano
  • Aincient historical site St George Lalibela Church
  • Endemic animals of Ethiopia
  • Semen and Bale Mountain
  • Northern Historical Destinations
  • More thanj 80 differnet ethnic groups of Ethiopia
  • Bird Watchers Details

Welcome to Ethiopia

Gondar

Gondar Gonder was the 17th Century capital of Ethi...

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Axum

Axum In its day,  was a great commercial centre,...

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Lalibela

Lalibela A  medieval settlement in the Lasta area of W...

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Debre Damo

Debre Damo Some 76 Kilometers from Axum is the monastery...

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Dallol Depression

Image 8 One of the most important features of this region of Africa resulted from faulting and cracking on its eastern side. This has caused the Great Rift Valley, which extends from the Middle East to Mozambique, passing in a north-south direction right through Ethiopia. This shearing of the earth's surface occurred at the same time that the Arabian Peninsula, geologically a part of Africa, was sundered from the rest of the continent. Volcanic activity, which has continued until today, finds expression in volcanoes in Ethiopia's Danakil Depression, as well as in the hot springs in many parts of the country.
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Earth tremors are often felt, and exposed cones of old volcanic plugs are seen throughout the plateau. After the Rift opened, much of this area was flooded by the inrushing waters of the red Sea, a flood that was subsequently stemmed by fresh volcanic activity that raised barriers of basaltic lava. Behind these barriers the trapped inland sea that had formed began to evaporate under the fierce heat of the tropical sun - a process that is almost complete today. Only a few scattered, highly saline lakes - Gamarri, Affambo, Bario, and Abbe remain. Elsewhere, there are huge beds of natural salt - which, at points, are calculated to be several thousands of metres thick.

Dallol Volcano is located in the Danakil Depression in NE Ethiopia, in a remote area subject to the highest average temperatures on the planet. The volcano encompasses Dallol mountain (which rises 50-60m above the surrounding salt plains and has approximate dimensions of 1.5 x 3 km) and several other features in the vicinity, such as the 1926 crater near the "Black Mountain" about 1.5 km to the SW.

Dallol is one of the few places where potash deposits are found at the surface. These are brought to the surface by geothermal heated groundwater and can form large secondary deposits as the water that transported them evaporates. This geothermal activity / volcanic activity is indeed common in continental extension basins such as the Danakil Depression and is further evidenced by the volcanic chains in the area which include the active Erta Ale volcano. The characteristic white, yellow and red colors are the result of Sulphur and potassium salts coloured by various ions

TOP Places places mostly visted by tourists

Gondar

Gondar Gonder was the 17th Century capital of Ethiopia, and is notable for its medieval Castles and churches. The City's unique imperial compound contains ...

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Axum

Axum In its day,  was a great commercial centre, issuing its own currency and trading with Egypt, Arabia, Persia, India and even Ceylon. The settlement w...

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Lalibela

Lalibela A  medieval settlement in the Lasta area of Wallo, lies at the centre of an extensive complex of rock churches. Some can be reached by one or two hour...

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Debre Damo

Debre Damo Some 76 Kilometers from Axum is the monastery of Debre Damo ( closed to Women), which is said to have the oldest existing intact church in Ethiopia. L...

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